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The history of Chianti Classico

Since it is always associated with its production land and is renowned worldwide, Chianti Classico encompasses a centuries-old history. It is, therefore, necessary to recognize this wine region's historical origins and evolutions to fully appreciate its significance today.


The origins of Chianti date back to the 13th-14th century when, as the legend of the Black Rooster claims, after the war between Florence and Siena to contend the territory of Chianti, the Military and Administrative Alliance of Chianti was established, adopting the Black Rooster as its symbol. However, only in the 15th century did the word “Chianti” appear in an official document. In 1398, Ser Lapo Mazzei, a Florentine notary, poet and winemaker, in a correspondence with Francesco Datini, mentioned Chianti as a fine wine, exalting its quality. Since then, Chianti has been on a path of improvement and evolution.

Announcement of Cosimo III wine

In 1716, the Grand Duke of Tuscan Cosimo III published the ‘Bando del vino’ (wine proclamation) that delimited the boundaries of the Chianti wine production area, thus establishing that it could only be produced in the specific areas of Chianti indicated. In response to the growing market demand, strong volume production was implemented, even outside the original area, focusing on quantity rather than quality. As a result of these events, the Consortium of Chianti Classico was founded to protect and safeguard the authenticity of high-quality Chianti Classico wines. Under the guidance of President Lapo Mazzei, a direct descendant of Ser Lapo, Chianti Classico obtained the DOCG, the highest recognition for Italian quality wines.

Today Chianti Classico is one of the most highly regarded and internationally recognized Italian wines. Ser Lapo Mazzei, is considered one of the Fathers of Chianti Classico, is still celebrated in the world of wine. His legacy has been passed down through the ages, and the Mazzei family has continued the winemaking tradition at Castello di Fonterutoli winery, which produces some of the world’s most renowned Chianti Classico wines.


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